When it comes to household pests, the Norway rat is a frequent adversary. Not only do they pose health risks, but they can also cause considerable damage to structures. Understanding these rodents and knowing how to control them is essential for maintaining a clean and safe home. A Five Star Termite & Pest Control will cover how to identify Norway rats and how you can take control of your home when they invade.
Norway Rat Identification
• Identification: Also known as brown rats, street rats, or sewer rats, Norway rats are large, with a thick body, blunt roundish nose, small ears, and a tail shorter than their body length. They usually have a shaggy brown or gray colored coat.
• Habitat: Norway rats are in nature burrowers, often preferring to nest in underground tunnels, especially near food sources. They are common in urban and suburban environments.
• Diet: These rats are omnivorous, consuming everything from fruits, grains, meats to garbage.
• Reproduction: Norway rats reproduce quickly, with females producing up to 6 litters per year, and anywhere from 7 to 12 pups per litter.
What are the Methods of Controlling Norway Rats?
Secure Food Sources: Store food, including pet food, in airtight containers. Clean up spills and crumbs immediately, and do not leave pet food or a snack bowl out overnight. Additionally, ensure that garbage bins are tightly sealed. It is important to avoid feeding Norway rat or other pests.
Avoiding Sheltering Rodents: It is important not to provide any type of shelter like environment for Norway rats. Remove clutter such as piles of wood, bricks, or debris from your property. Remember Norway rats are tunnelers, so keep gardens and lawns tidy. Overgrown vegetation can offer hiding spots and nesting materials.
Seal Entry Points: It is also important to keep rodents out of your home. Regularly inspect your home’s exterior for cracks, holes, or gaps. Remember, a rat can squeeze through a hole as small as half an inch in diameter. Use caulk, steel wool, or a combination of both in order to seal off small entry points. Make sure vents are covered with fine mesh or metal screening.
Maintain a Clean Environment: Regular cleaning of your home and property can also deter rats. Ensure all food residue, especially in kitchen areas, are cleaned up promptly. Ensure drains are covered and repair any leaky faucets which can provide a water source.
Traps and Poison: Consider setting up snap traps baited with enticing food like peanut butter or bacon. Place them perpendicular to walls with the bait side touching the wall. Check and reset traps daily, and use gloves when handling rat carcasses. If the infestation is serious, you might consider rodenticides. However, they come with risks, especially if you have pets or children. If you choose this route, follow instructions carefully and place them in bait stations to prevent pets from getting into the poisons.
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If you are having a struggle dealing with a severe infestation or the situation seems beyond your control, do not hesitate to call a pest control professional. We can offer more intensive solutions and ensure the rats are dealt with safely and efficiently. Norway rats are difficult pests to control, however by taking the right steps and seeking professional assistance you can be pest free. For expert pest control services, contact A Five Star Termite & Pest Control today.